Seefracht Export: Der Ablauf im umfassenden Guide

Seefracht spielt eine Schlüsselrolle im globalen Handel. Sie ist nicht nur eine kosteneffiziente Möglichkeit, große Mengen an Waren über weite Strecken zu transportieren, sondern auch eine der ältesten Methoden des internationalen Handels. 

Um das volle Potenzial aus diesem Logistikbereich zu schöpfen, ist es elementar, sich mit dem Ablauf des Seefracht-Exportes zu beschäftigen. 

► Increased efficiency: Verständnis des Ablaufs hilft, den Transportprozess effizienter zu gestalten.

► Kostenersparnis: Kenntnisse über den Ablauf können dabei helfen, unnötige Kosten zu vermeiden.

► Risikominimierung: Einblicke in den Prozess helfen, potenzielle Probleme frühzeitig zu erkennen und zu vermeiden.

► Geschäftswachstum: Wissen über Seefracht Export öffnet Türen zu neuen internationalen Märkten und Geschäftsmöglichkeiten.

In diesem Beitrag erfahren Sie alles über den Seefracht Export und seinen Ablauf. 

Die Grundpfeiler des Seefracht Exports

Der Export per Seefracht ist ein komplexer Prozess, der sich aus mehreren wichtigen Komponenten zusammensetzt. In diesem Abschnitt werden wir die Kernaspekte beleuchten, die jedes Unternehmen verstehen muss, um in der Welt des internationalen Frachttransports erfolgreich zu sein.

► FCL (Full Container Load): Ideal für große Sendungen, bei denen ein ganzer Container mit Waren eines Absenders gefüllt wird. Diese Option ist oft kosteneffizienter für größere Mengen.

► LCL (Less Container Load): Eine gute Wahl für kleinere Sendungen. Hier teilen sich mehrere Absender einen Container, was Flexibilität bei kleineren Frachtmengen bietet.

► Spezialdienstleistungen: Dienstleistungen wie Verzollung und Lagerlogistik sind entscheidend, um den reibungslosen Ablauf des gesamten Prozesses zu gewährleisten.

Dieses grundlegende Verständnis des Seefracht Exports ist der Schlüssel zum Erfolg für Unternehmen, die ihre Produkte international versenden möchten. Es ermöglicht eine fundierte Entscheidung darüber, welche Versandoptionen am besten zu den individuellen Bedürfnissen des Unternehmens passen.

Der erste Schritt im Seefracht Export Ablauf: Produktvorbereitung und Verpackung

Die Vorbereitung Ihrer Produkte für den Seefracht Export ist ein entscheidender Schritt, um sicherzustellen, dass Ihre Waren sicher und unbeschädigt ihr Ziel erreichen. Dieser Prozess umfasst nicht nur die Auswahl der geeigneten Verpackung, sondern auch die Beachtung bestimmter Standards und Vorschriften.

► Produktüberprüfung: Stellen Sie sicher, dass Ihre Produkte den Exportanforderungen entsprechen und keine Beschränkungen vorliegen.

► Angemessene Verpackung: Verwenden Sie robuste und geeignete Materialien, um Schäden während der Seereise zu vermeiden.

► Kennzeichnung: Klare und korrekte Kennzeichnung der Pakete ist essentiell für eine reibungslose Abwicklung.

► Dokumentation: Bereiten Sie eine genaue Packliste vor, die alle Details Ihrer Sendung enthält.

Eine sorgfältige Vorbereitung und Verpackung Ihrer Produkte ist der Grundstein für einen erfolgreichen Seefracht Export. Es minimiert das Risiko von Verzögerungen und Beschädigungen und sorgt für eine effiziente Abwicklung im gesamten Transportprozess.

Der zweite Schritt im Seefracht Export Ablauf: Die Exportdokumentation

Die korrekte Erstellung und Verwaltung der Exportdokumentation ist ein kritischer Aspekt im Seefracht Export. Diese Dokumente dienen nicht nur als Nachweis für die gesendeten Waren, sondern sind auch essentiell für Zollabfertigungsprozesse und die Einhaltung internationaler Handelsvorschriften.

► Handelsrechnung: Eine detaillierte Auflistung Ihrer Produkte mit Wertangaben.

► Packliste: Detaillierte Information über das Gewicht, die Maße und den Inhalt jeder Packung.

► Exportlizenz: Erforderlich für bestimmte Waren, abhängig von den Exportbestimmungen.

► Ursprungszeugnis: Ein Dokument, das die Herkunft der Ware bestätigt.

Die sorgfältige Erstellung und Organisation dieser Dokumente stellt sicher, dass Ihr Seefracht Export reibungslos und ohne unnötige Verzögerungen verläuft. Dies ist ein entscheidender Schritt, um sicherzustellen, dass Ihre Ware pünktlich und in Übereinstimmung mit allen gesetzlichen Bestimmungen am Zielort ankommt.

Der dritte Schritt im Seefracht Export Ablauf: Auswahl des richtigen Spediteurs

Die Auswahl des richtigen Spediteurs ist ein entscheidender Schritt im Seefracht Export. Ein erfahrener Spediteur kann nicht nur den Transport Ihrer Waren organisieren, sondern auch wertvolle Unterstützung bei der Navigation durch komplexe logistische Herausforderungen bieten.

► Erfahrung und Expertise: Suchen Sie nach einem Spediteur mit umfassender Erfahrung im Seefrachtbereich.

► Dienstleistungsangebot: Prüfen Sie, ob der Spediteur die benötigten Dienstleistungen anbietet, wie z.B. Zollabwicklung und Lagerlogistik.

► Netzwerk und Reichweite: Ein gutes Netzwerk des Spediteurs kann den Transport effizienter und problemloser gestalten.

► Kundenbewertungen und Referenzen: Informieren Sie sich über die Reputation des Spediteurs durch Kundenfeedback.

Die Wahl eines kompetenten und zuverlässigen Spediteurs ist entscheidend für einen reibungslosen und effizienten Seefracht Export. Ein guter Spediteur kann nicht nur Zeit und Kosten sparen, sondern auch das Risiko von Verzögerungen und Komplikationen minimieren.

Der vierte Schritt im Seefracht Export Ablauf: Buchung und Zollabwicklung

Die Buchung bei einer Reederei und die Zollabwicklung sind wesentliche Schritte im Seefracht Export. Sie erfordern präzise Planung und ein gutes Verständnis der zollrechtlichen Bestimmungen.

► Buchungsprozess: Kontaktieren Sie eine Reederei oder lassen Sie Ihren Spediteur eine Buchung vornehmen. Wählen Sie die passende Versandoption (FCL oder LCL).

​​► Zolldokumentation: Bereiten Sie alle erforderlichen Zolldokumente vor, wie Exportdeklarationen und eventuell erforderliche Genehmigungen.

► Zollgebühren: Informieren Sie sich über die anfallenden Zollgebühren und stellen Sie sicher, dass diese fristgerecht bezahlt werden.

► Zollagenten: Ziehen Sie in Betracht, einen Zollagenten zu beauftragen, um die Abwicklung zu vereinfachen und Fehler zu vermeiden.

Die genaue Einhaltung dieser Schritte ist entscheidend, um Verzögerungen und zusätzliche Kosten zu vermeiden. Eine sorgfältige Planung und das Verständnis für den Buchungs- und Zollabwicklungsprozess sind unerlässlich für einen erfolgreichen Seefracht Export.

Der fünfte Schritt im Seefracht Export Ablauf: Transport und Logistik

Nachdem die Buchung und Zollabwicklung abgeschlossen sind, beginnt der eigentliche Transportprozess. Dieser Schritt erfordert sorgfältige Planung und Überwachung, um einen reibungslosen Ablauf zu gewährleisten.

► Transport zum Hafen: Die Waren werden zum Verschiffungshafen transportiert, oft per Lkw oder Bahn.

► Überwachung: Verfolgen Sie den Status Ihrer Fracht, um über eventuelle Veränderungen oder Verzögerungen informiert zu sein.

► Sicherheitsmaßnahmen: Stellen Sie sicher, dass Ihre Waren während des Transports und der Lagerung geschützt sind.

Expertentipp: 

Arbeiten Sie eng mit Ihrem Spediteur zusammen, um sicherzustellen, dass alle logistischen Anforderungen erfüllt werden.

Eine effektive Koordination und Überwachung in dieser Phase des Seefracht Exports ist entscheidend, um sicherzustellen, dass Ihre Waren pünktlich und in gutem Zustand am Zielort ankommen.

Der sechste Schritt im Seefracht Export Ablauf: Ankunft und Entladung

Die Ankunft der Ware im Zielhafen und ihre Entladung sind entscheidende Momente im Seefracht Export. Dieser Schritt erfordert Präzision und ein gutes Management.

► Ankunft im Zielhafen: Die Waren erreichen den Bestimmungsort und werden vom Schiff entladen.

Customs clearance: Die Waren müssen durch den Zoll im Bestimmungsland gehen. Hierbei ist eine genaue Dokumentation wichtig.

► Inspektion: Oft erfolgt eine Inspektion der Waren, um deren Zustand und Übereinstimmung mit den Angaben zu überprüfen.

Expertentipp:

Halten Sie alle erforderlichen Dokumente bereit und arbeiten Sie eng mit lokalen Agenten zusammen, um die Prozesse zu beschleunigen.

Die sorgfältige Handhabung dieser Phase ist entscheidend, um sicherzustellen, dass Ihre Waren effizient und ohne Probleme den Zielort erreichen.

Der siebte Schritt im Seefracht Export Ablauf: Lieferung und Nachbereitung

Nach der erfolgreichen Ankunft und Entladung der Ware im Zielhafen folgt der letzte Schritt des Seefracht Exports: die Lieferung an den Endempfänger und die anschließende Nachbereitung.

► Endlieferung: Die Waren werden vom Hafen zum endgültigen Bestimmungsort transportiert.

► Nachbereitung: Überprüfung der Lieferung auf Vollständigkeit und Unversehrtheit.

► Feedback und Bewertung: Sammeln Sie Rückmeldungen von den Empfängern und bewerten Sie den gesamten Prozess.

Expertentipp

Nutzen Sie die gesammelten Erfahrungen, um zukünftige Seefracht-Exporte zu optimieren.

Dieser abschließende Schritt schließt den Seefracht-Exportprozess ab und bietet die Möglichkeit, aus gemachten Erfahrungen zu lernen und zukünftige Transporte effizienter zu gestalten.

Dörrenhaus: Ihr zuverlässiger Partner im Seefracht Export

Dörrenhaus steht als Ihr Partner im Seefracht Export bereit, um den gesamten Prozess für Sie zu vereinfachen und zu optimieren.

► Customised solutions: Dörrenhaus bietet individuell angepasste Seefracht-Optionen, darunter FCL und LCL, passend für Ihre spezifischen Bedürfnisse.

► Umfassende Dienstleistungen: Von der Verzollung bis zur Lagerlogistik deckt Dörrenhaus alle Aspekte des Seefracht Exports ab.

► Zuverlässigkeit und Erfahrung: Profitieren Sie von der langjährigen Erfahrung und dem Expertenwissen von Dörrenhaus in der Seefracht.

► Kundenorientierung: Dörrenhaus legt Wert auf Kundenzufriedenheit und bietet einen erstklassigen Service.

Dörrenhaus ist Ihr idealer Partner, um den Seefracht Export reibungslos und effizient zu gestalten. Mit unserer Expertise und den angebotenen Dienstleistungen können Sie sich auf einen erfolgreichen internationalen Transport Ihrer Waren verlassen.

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FAQ

Wie läuft der Export bei Seefracht ab?

Der Seefracht Export beginnt mit der Vorbereitung und Verpackung der Ware, gefolgt von der Buchung des Transports, der Erstellung und Einreichung der notwendigen Dokumente, Zollabwicklung, und endet mit dem Transport und der Entladung im Zielhafen.

Welche Dokumente sind für die Seefracht erforderlich?

Für die Seefracht sind die Handelsrechnung, Packliste, Exportlizenz und das Ursprungszeugnis grundlegende Dokumente. Die Zusammenstellung der Daten sollte abgeschlossen sein, bevor das Schiff beladen wird. Fehler oder eine nicht mehr gültige Lizenz sind mit hohen Kosten verbunden, falls der Zoll diese beanstandet. 

Welche Aufgaben übernimmt eine Spedition im Bereich Seefracht?

Eine Spedition organisiert und koordiniert den gesamten Transportprozess, inklusive der Auswahl der Transportwege, Zollabwicklung und der Bereitstellung logistischer Dienstleistungen.

Worauf muss man bei der Seefracht achten?

Wichtig sind korrekte Verpackung und Kennzeichnung der Ware, Einhaltung der gesetzlichen Vorschriften und sorgfältige Dokumentation für den Zoll.

Welche Container werden bei der Seefracht verwendet?

Standardcontainer für Full Container Load (FCL) und Less Container Load (LCL) sind gängig, sowie spezialisierte Container für temperatursensible oder gefährliche Güter.

Wie arbeitet eine Spedition?

Speditionen agieren als Vermittler zwischen Kunden und Transportdienstleistern, planen die Logistik, kümmern sich um die notwendige Dokumentation und überwachen den Transport.

Warum lohnt sich Seefracht?

Seefracht ist besonders für den Transport großer Warenmengen über lange Strecken kosteneffizient und ermöglicht den Zugang zu globalen Märkten.

Finding dropshipping suppliers - a key to success

Dropshipping is a popular method in e-commerce that enables companies or an online shop to sell products without their own warehouse. Orders are sent directly from the manufacturer or wholesaler to the customer via the supplier. As a result, business customers can concentrate on marketing and customer service.

This results in several advantages:

► Reduction of storage costs

► Flexibility in the selection of products

► Focus on customer loyalty and marketing

Choosing the right supplier is essential for the successful realisation of the dropshipping business. In this article, we will show you how to find a suitable dropshipping supplier.

Choosing the ideal dropshipping wholesaler

Choosing the right dropshipping supplier is crucial to the success of your business. A good supplier is characterised by reliability and a wide range of dropshipping products. Quality and fast delivery times are also important to satisfy customers and receive positive reviews.

Important characteristics of a supplier:

  • Reliability in delivery and communication
  • Broad and high-quality range of millions of products
  • Fast and efficient delivery times
  • Precise logistics processes and warehouse management

In order to find a suitable dropshipping supplier, it is essential that they have the above-mentioned characteristics. This can ultimately lead to a strong and trustworthy relationship and an efficient dropshipping business.

Effective strategies for finding a dropshipping supplier

The search for the ideal dropshipping supplier requires a strategic approach. A good starting point are online marketplaces and specialised supplier databases where various dropshipping suppliers can be found.

Here you will find a variety of options with different offers. Making direct contact and networking at industry events can also provide valuable contacts.

Search methods for suppliers:

► Use of online marketplaces and supplier databases

► Direct contact and networking with dropshipping retailers

► Visit trade fairs and industry events

Evaluation criteria for dropshipping suppliers

Choosing the right dropshipping supplier is a critical step. It is important to carefully evaluate potential suppliers. This includes factors such as adherence to delivery times, product quality and customer service.

Ein grundlegendes Verständnis des „Dropshipping Agreement“ – einer Vereinbarung zwischen Händler und Lieferant – ist hierbei essenziell.

Evaluation criteria:

► Punctuality and reliability of the delivery

► Quality and variety of the products offered

► Efficiency and accessibility of customer service

Integration of dropshipping suppliers into your logistics

The integration of a dropshipping supplier into the existing logistics structure is a key element for success. It is important that the supplier understands your logistics needs and fits seamlessly into your processes.

Factors such as system compatibility and communication play a decisive role here.

Integration elements:

► Coordination of the delivery processes with your company

► Compatibility of the IT systems

► Clear communication channels for efficient processes

Avoid common dropshipping mistakes

In the world of dropshipping, there are some common mistakes that need to be avoided. These include underestimating delivery times, lack of communication with the supplier and neglecting product quality. A proactive approach to avoiding these mistakes is essential.

Common errors and solutions:

► Realistic estimation of the delivery times

► Regular communication with suppliers

► Continuous monitoring of the product quality

Your path to successful dropshipping - with Dörrenhaus as your partner

The right selection and integration of dropshipping suppliers is crucial for success in e-commerce. It is important to carefully evaluate potential partners and integrate them effectively into your logistics structure.

This is where Dörrenhaus offers valuable support with its range of international logistics services, including ground freight, ocean freight, air freight, warehouse logistics and specialised logistics solutions. Our expertise ensures smooth and efficient logistics.

Dörrenhaus as your logistics partner:

► Comprehensive international logistics solutions.

► Expertise in complex logistics challenges.

► Support for a successful dropshipping strategy.

Do you have any questions? Contact us now!

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FAQs

How do I find a dropshipping supplier?

Search online marketplaces and supplier databases or use industry events for direct contacts.

How do I recognise a trustworthy dropshipping supplier?

Check the supplier's delivery reliability, product quality and customer ratings.

Can I use several suppliers at the same time?

Yes, using multiple suppliers can expand your range of different products and minimise risks. This allows you to further optimise your sales via dropshipping.

How do I integrate a supplier into my existing logistics?

Adapt the supplier's delivery processes to your logistics and ensure efficient communication.

What do you need to look out for when running a dropshipping website?

Anyone running a dropshipping website should select the right range of products. These must appeal to the target customers. Also pay attention to the monthly fee for hosting your website, as this can be a significant cost factor.

Groupage freight forwarding: essential in modern trade

Groupage freight forwarders are the backbone of global trade. They enable companies to transport smaller consignments cost-effectively and flexibly. In a world where speed and adaptability are crucial, groupage freight forwarders offer the ideal solution for business needs.

► Efficiency: Groupage freight forwarders bundle several small consignments into one larger delivery, which saves costs.

► Flexibility: They adapt to varying consignment sizes, which is particularly valuable for small and medium-sized companies.

► Speed: Optimising transport routes enables goods to reach their destination faster.

These factors make groupage freight forwarders an essential partner in modern trade. In this article you will learn everything about groupage freight forwarding.

The basics of groupage transport: Efficient logistics solutions

Groupage transport is a key element in the logistics industry. It refers to the consolidation of several smaller shipments from different customers into one larger load. This method offers numerous advantages, especially for companies that do not ship full truckloads.

►Kosteneinsparungen: Bundling shipments reduces transport costs for each participating company.

► Flexibility: Groupage transport also enables small and medium-sized companies to ship their products efficiently.

►Optimierung: Merging consignments leads to more efficient and environmentally friendly transport routes.

Advantages of groupage freight forwarder: cost efficiency and flexibility

Using a groupage freight forwarder offers companies significant advantages, particularly in terms of cost efficiency and flexibility. This concept is particularly beneficial for companies that regularly need to transport smaller consignments.

► Cost saving: By bundling goods from different senders in one means of transport, costs are shared and thus reduced for each individual sender.

► Shipping flexibility: Enables smaller companies to ship their products without the need for a full lorry load.

► Expert tip: By using groupage freight forwarders, companies can significantly reduce their logistics costs and improve their delivery capability at the same time.

Dörrenhaus: Your reliable partner in groupage freight forwarding

Dörrenhaus stands for first-class services in the field of groupage freight forwarding. As an experienced company in international logistics, Dörrenhaus offers customised solutions that are specifically tailored to the needs of business customers.

► Broad range of services: Ranging from land freight to sea freight and air freight, Dörrenhaus covers all major transport routes.

► Additional services: In addition to standard logistics, Dörrenhaus also offers special solutions such as Amazon FBA and discounter logistics.

► Customer orientation: Customised advice and planning ensure optimum logistics solutions.

With Dörrenhaus, you are choosing an experienced partner who understands and effectively solves your logistical challenges.

FAQs

What is meant by grouped goods?

Groupage refers to the consolidation of smaller consignments from different customers into a larger load. This enables more efficient and cost-effective transport of a single item.

What does a groupage freight forwarder do?

A groupage freight forwarder organises the transport of these bundled shipments in order to optimise costs and resources.

How does groupage work?

With groupage freight, individual, smaller consignments from different senders are transported in a joint delivery, which reduces logistics costs.

The top 10 imports from China

When it comes to exports, China is at the top of the list. As the world champion in exports and one of the largest economies in the world, the country greatly benefits from the demand for its products.

China's economic model is based entirely on exports. This is the only way to achieve the high level of foreign currency in the long term. But what are the most popular imports from China?

It's all a question of demand

Every year, the top imports from China for Germany are summarised anew. The overviews show that although there are always changes in the top 10, the sectors remain the same. Electrical appliances and electrical engineering are among the most important imports from the Middle Kingdom, generating billions of dollars every year.

For China itself exports in these areas accounted for a share of almost 27% in 2021. Demand is primarily characterised by the smartphone as a single product. In 2021 alone, smartphones accounted for 4% of exports .

There are also high annual imports of vacuum cleaners, air conditioners and refrigerators from China. However, it is less well known that China is also one of the leading exporters of semiconductors.

Good to know:
Semiconductors are so-called solids. Due to their electrical conductivity, they can be used as non-conductors or conductors and therefore have a wide range of applications.

The top 10 imports from China at a glance

The latest figures from 2021 show that China generated total exports of around 2,558 billion euros. The revenue is made up of products from the following top 10 industries:

  1. Electronics and electronic applicatioms
  2. Machinery
  3. Textiles and clothing
  4. Furniture and items for the interior
  5. Plastics and plastic products
  6. Vehicles
  7. Toys
  8. Measuring technology
  9. Iron products
  10. Organic chemicals

Compared to 2018, the values of exports has risen by 400 billion euros. The trend is still rising. This is due to rising prices for production and purchasing in Europe. However, rising prices for products from China also explain the exporter's increase in turnover.

Notice: What are organic chemicals? These are chemicals based on carbon compounds. They include colourants and flavourings, but also polymers.

Top Importe aus China in Zahlen

China has made a name for itself as a world export champion, but what exactly does this mean in terms of the products that are imported? Take vehicles, for example. China exports around 1,000,000 commercial and passenger vehicles per year. China has topped the list of countries for vehicle production and exports for several years now.

China is also a leader in terms of furniture exports. This is partly due to the fact that well-known suppliers, such as IKEA, have a large proportion of their furniture manufactured in China.

Smartphones are the top products when it comes to imports from China and Chinese brands, such as Huawei, are increasingly represented here. These developments can also be seen in the market for laptops. One of the top brands in this area is the Chinese supplier Lenovo.

Conclusion on the top 10 imports from China

It is not surprising that a look at the top 10 imports from China makes it clear that: Technology tops the list. China has been a pioneer in this area for years, which is partly due to the fact that major companies have relocated production of technical equipment to China.

However, the country's own products are also becoming increasingly important - especially when it comes to the technical sector. The list of the top 10 imports from China for Europe also includes clothing, machinery, toys and vehicles. In recent years, toys have become even more important. They make up quite a large proportion of export products for China.

Incoterms CIF and FOB for import and export services

This saves you money and nerves when importing and exporting. Thomas Meyer, Managing Director ofTBN Logistik & Trade GmbH explains what mistakes are often made when importing and exporting goods.
When it comes to the distribution of costs and risks between buyer and seller, the terms CIF and FOB are important for monitoring restrictions and quotas when importing goods.

What do CIF and FOB mean in connection with import and export?

The CIF means: Cost , Insurance , Freight and refers to a condition that is often used in overseas trade, e.g. between China and Germany. – z. B. zwischen China und Deutschland – oft genutzt wird.

FOB means free on board and is also an Incoterm. Unlike CIF, the importer takes over the goods from the port of shipment and therefore takes care of the transport himself. In this way, there are no unplanned costs!

Which transport route from China is the best? Ocean? Air? Train?

Is the transport of goods from China to Europe an important basis for your company? For a lean cost structure, fast deliveries and reliable deadlines , a comparison of sea, air and rail transport routes is relevant. Find out in this article where you can get the best price/performance ratio.

What are the advantages of air freight as a transport route from China?

Air freight has long been the most popular route from China to Europe, served by a combination of cargo and passenger aircraft . The Covid pandemic saw a sharp reduction in demand and freight capacity.

If you now decide to use air freight as a transport route from China, you will be faced with the problem that it is difficult to transport large quantities at short notice.

The costs of shipping air freight are also an important point for your company. Compared to ocean freight and ground transport, the costs for air freight are significantly higher, as is the environmental impact.

Nevertheless, the “air” transport route has a decisive advantage: time. This route is unbeatable, especially for the transport of time-critical or perishable goods .

What are the advantages of transport by plane?

  • Fast dispatch of time-critical products
  • Fast dispatch of perishable products
  • Short-term deliveries possible

What are the disadvantages of transport by plane?

  • Heavy environmental pollution
  • Capacities are severely limited
  • High costs

What are the advantages of ocean freight as a transport route from China?

A popular transport route from China to Europe is by sea. During the coronavirus pandemic, sea transport was severely restricted as many carriers cancelled ships .Restrictions are currently still in place to a limited extent, which is affecting the timing of sea transport.

At the same time, this is currently being offset by rising demand for goods. The expansion of shipping capacity is only progressing slowly.

In addition, a container backlog has developed over the last few years. Container availability is low, even though shipping companies are ordering more containers. Transport times are another issue, as they average around four weeks.

A positive aspect to consider when deciding in favour of sea transport from China are strong alliances. Many carriers are forging links with each other, which ensures that freight rates and the range of services offered increase.

In addition, this creates the effect of cost reduction, which is relevant for your company's decision.

What are the advantages of transport by ship?

  • Transport of large volumes possible
  • Transport difficulties are cushioned by alliances

What are the disadvantages of transport by ship?

  • No alternative for perishable goods
  • No alternative for time-critical goods
  • High capacity utilisation and container shortage
  • Lack of transport ships

What are the advantages of rail freight as a transport route from China?

The connection between Europe and China is shaped by a solid rail network that makes overland transport possible. In recent decades, ground routes have improved to such an extent that they represent serious competition for Air und der Ocean transport.

An increasing focus is also being placed on the use of automated vehicles.

The "Silk Road Economic Belt", also known as the "One Belt, One Road" project , is the transport route from China. This is a combination of various land routes that enable transport from China to Europe.

The focus is still on the Trans-Euroasia-Express, i.e. transport by rail. The advantages of rail transport for you are the costs and speed compared to ship and air.

What are the advantages of transport by train?

  • You pay 80 % less per tonne of transported goods than for a cargo flight
  • Rail transport is characterised by punctuality and minimal disruptions
  • Low transport volumes, unlike ship transport, are not available
  • Environmental advantages over air and sea transport

What are the disadvantages of transport by train?

  • No alternative for perishable goods
  • No alternative for time-critical goods
  • High route utilisation already in place

Conclusion about the transport routes from China

The three most important transport routes from China are air transport, shipping and ground transport - primarily by rail transport. In terms of costs, rail transport is an optimal choice. When it comes to transporting goods quickly and efficiently, air freight is still the leading option.

NVD Asia: The new booking agent for medium-sized businesses

The Dörrenhaus forwarding company traditionally comes from road freight transport, but has developed into an all-round logistics provider over the past decades. Today the truck sector accounts for a maximum of 15 percent of sales. The majority is generated in the sea and air freight business, reports Lars Dörrenhaus, managing director of the Dörrenhaus forwarding company. When he joined the company in the mid-1990s, the focus on Asian imports began and has been gradually developed further since then. The core competencies lie in logistics services for industry, retail and large online retailers. Dörrenhaus maps the entire supply chain for its customers.

This year - on the 50th anniversary of the family business - the next development step took place for the freight forwarder from Velbert in North Rhine-Westphalia. “The decision to build something ourselves in Asia was driven by the fact that our partners there either sold out or had to stop business due to financial problems. And because we didn’t want to work with 10 small Chinese service providers, we decided at the beginning of the year to set up our own company with a closed IT system,” explains Dörrenhaus. His company was able to use the connections it had built up over two decades of business in Asia.

 

Partnership with Neele Vat

Dörrenhaus wanted to take this step with a strong partner. The choice fell on Neele Vat Logistics. The Dutch logistics company had previously acquired a stake in the Dörrenhaus forwarding company and has been working successfully and trustingly with the Dörrenhaus forwarding company for decades. So it didn't take long until both parties agreed and decided to set up their own freight forwarder in Asia at the beginning of 2021.

 

However, it should be a completely independent company: “NVD Asia is not a service provider that works exclusively for Neele Vat or us, but rather a neutral booking agent that addresses forwarding companies worldwide that do not open their own offices in Asia. but still want to ship 2,000 to 3,000 containers,” says Dörrenhaus. Dörrenhaus and Neele Vat's business accounts for a maximum of a quarter of NVD Asia's total sales.

 

Shares divided equally

The start-up already works for companies around the world. Most of these medium-sized customers simply have too few throughput volumes in Asia, so that it is hardly possible to purchase cargo space in a worthwhile way, explains Dörrenhaus: “We have around 100,000 to 150,000 containers at sea and another 3,000 by rail per year which allows us to buy cheaper and pass it on to our partners.” The amount of the handling or booking fee depends on whether you use additional features such as Track & Trance. NVD Asia also offers services in air freight.

The shares in NVD Asia are divided equally between the two partner companies. But the local management also acquired a small share. “We have always handled it that way in the past. This means that all parties have the greatest possible interest in the company growing and operating healthily,” explains Cuno Vat, Managing Director at Neele Vat Logistics. The initial plan is to continue to grow only organically and not through acquisitions, adds Vat and explains: “We prefer to look for good managers and open up other Asian countries through our own local branches.”

More agile than the big ones

The advantage over the big freight forwarders is the agility of the Asian booking agent, which has paid off, particularly during the pandemic, due to the constantly changing requirements and the ongoing shortage of loading space. True to the motto: Necessity is the mother of invention. “We have chartered our own ships, carried out our own land transport on the New Silk Road and also transported goods in combined transport by rail in Kazakhstan,” reports Denis Kronenbitter, Managing Director of NVD Asia.

In addition, there are extremely many cancellations, changes, bottlenecks or problems that always require personal involvement. This affects the workflows: “Two years ago, a file for the container transport from Shanghai to Europe had to be touched an average of six times and the container was on the way. Today we are talking about the same file, which then has to be touched 27 times.”

The shortage of skilled workers is also clearly noticeable in Asia. “Logistics is no longer so sexy,” says Kronenbitter. There are also significant seasonal fluctuations, particularly in China. He doesn't find any workers at all between October and April, but it's easier in the summer. Many Chinese would currently rather pursue the dream of earning millions as an influencer than pursue a real profession. One difference from Europe is the work ethic. “If management is leading the way and is committed, the employees will follow.

 

Big expansion plans

It was clear from the start that NVD Asia relied exclusively on locals: “We don’t want to be a foreign company in Asia. We want to be an Asian company with Western European management. That’s why we rely exclusively on local partners and employees,” emphasizes Kronenbitter. Of the 120 employees in China Asia, only two are non-Asian - one of them is himself, says Kronenbitter. NVD Asia has now opened eight offices in Asia.

 

Additional markets are to be opened up this year. First Taiwan, Vietnam and Cambodia. This will be followed by Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. However, there will no longer be any branch further west than Myanmar. Kronenbitters. “We really want to be a purely Asian booking agent and for example have no interest in going to the Middle East. We would also get too close to our partners there.

 

Quote: NVD Asia: The new booking agent for medium-sized businesses – DVZ (German)

Januar 2022: 13%

Newsletter: Port crisis in southern China

There has been a recent surge in Covid 19 cases in Shenzhen, affecting the ports of Yantian and Shekou, as well as neighboring ports Guangzhou and the port of Nansha.

Below is also a translation of the current report from the DVZ:

The Suez Canal crisis has not yet been properly digested, but there are already signs of another massive disruption to maritime supply chains. Rising numbers of cases around the southern Chinese metropolis of Shenzhen are leading to severe handling bottlenecks in the ports of Yantian and Shekou as well as in Nansha (in neighbouring Guangzhou). Maersk is talking about delays of up to 14 days. Delivery stops and restrictions for export cargo as well as cancelled ship calls are the order of the day. It is therefore only a matter of time before the wave reaches the ports in Northern Europe. German seaport freight forwarders are therefore already alarmed.

With regard to the situation in China, Frank Huster, Managing Director of the German Freight Forwarding and Logistics Association (DSLV), said at the association's annual press conference on Thursday morning: "We are concerned about this." No data has yet been received that there is a problem. But if the problem continues to develop, there could be another setback in the supply chains.

Lars Jensen, CEO and partner of the consultancy firm Vespucci Maritime, fears that the situation will escalate further. He estimates that the impact will exceed that of the Suez crisis. According to him, Maersk is already referring to 64 ships from the 2M alliance that have to avoid the ports of Yantian and Shekou. One refers to 52 ships from THE Alliance. OOCL cites 26 units and CMA CGM 11 that are affected.

Ship delays at Yantian Port, a deep-water harbour in Shenzhen, have worsened over the past week, according to Project44. Based on its container dwell time data, the US-based supply chain platform provider expects the port to remain congested throughout the month. According to the data, dwell times in Yantian fluctuate greatly. The minimum is one day. The median, i.e. the measured value that lies exactly in the middle of all the individual data, is given by Project44 as almost 18 days for containers waiting to be loaded (as at 7 June).

Die Behörden in Guangzhou, der Industriestadt nordwestlich von Shenzhen, haben ebenfalls Einschränkungen der Geschäftstätigkeit verhängt. „Der Nansha-Hafen wird die Auswirkungen dieser Beschränkungen ebenfalls zu spüren bekommen, was die Stau-Problematik in Yantian weiter verschärft“, teilt Project44 weiter mit. Mit Stand vom 7. Juni nähern sich den Experten zufolge 47 Schiffe dem Hafen Yantian. Der Analyse zufolge sind bereits ein Drittel der Schiffe verspätet.

"The recent rise in Covid-19 cases in China has led to a shutdown that could drive the already record-breaking cost of shipping goods from China even higher," says Josh Brazil, responsible for marketing at Project44. According to the company, freight costs between China and the US West Coast rose 156 percent last year, while the trade lane between China and the US East Coast saw an increase of 162 percent. Freight prices between China and Northern Europe rose the most, by 535 percent.

Tense situation intensifies

The German Association of Materials Management, Purchasing and Logistics (BME) in Eschborn is concerned about this development. "The pandemic has not yet been defeated and we will have to live with coronavirus for some time to come," says Carsten Knauer, Head of Logistics/SCM at the BME. Further delays or failures in the supply chains will impair the already tense situation on the transport markets. "In the short term, it is hardly possible to find alternative routes for transport from China. Trucks, rail and air freight are already working at full capacity," Knauer continues. The BME continues to advise establishing suppliers in additional markets and regions in the medium and long term in order to diversify the risk of cancellations or delays.

The obstruction will mean additional empty sailings from Yantian to Hong Kong and the US West Coast in June, Project44 predicts. The port's container capacity could be reduced by around 50 percent and there could be restrictions on shipping companies being allowed to release high-value shipping containers. For the trade routes between Asia and Europe, shipping companies have announced that they will no longer call at ports in the north, such as Tianjin and Quindao, citing congestion problems as the reason.

Difficult planning for importers

Nathan Resnick, CEO of the US B2B procurement platform Sourcify, told business channel CNBC that supply chains have been severely impacted by the sudden and severe restrictions. He added that the situation would make it difficult for companies to plan ahead in the coming quarters. "Especially with the holiday season coming up, many large importers are trying to plan their supply chain for Q3 and Q4." When asked which industries are likely to be most affected, he replied: "At the moment in Guangzhou and Guangdong, it is mainly household goods, footwear, consumer electronics and many other types of products." He continued: "These delays at the ports will lead to a further increase in freight rates and this is something we see continuously throughout the year."

The shipping movement data up to the end of May already indicate a slight drop in China's imports and exports compared to the previous month. TheKiel Trade Indicatorof the Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW) shows a negative sign for both exports (minus 1.7 percent) and imports (minus 1.0 percent). Vincent Stamer, head of the leading indicator for global trade, said on enquiry that it is not yet possible to make any further statements. He refers to the next update of the figures on 22 June. (sr/cs/rok)

If you have any questions or require individual coordination, the Dörrenhaus team is always happy to help.

 

Your Dörrenhaus team

Newsletter: DVZ reports on rate development

11.12.2020

Dear Ladies and Gentlemen,

we would like to provide you with the attached article from the DVZ from December 9th., which describes the current situation for sea and rail shipments.

We hope that this will meet your interest and we will be happy to answer any questions you may have.

Best regards,

Your Dörrenhaus team